A Tragically Hip Syllabus for Canadian History

Journey through Canadian history with the Tragically Hip.

This syllabus is intended for an upper year seminar course and would focus on various themes in Canadian history. Each class would begin by listening to the Tragically Hip song highlighted that week and would be followed by a discussion about how the content fits into larger subjects and themes in Canadian history.

Week 1: “At the Hundredth Meridian” Fully Completely (1992)

James Daschuk, Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation, and the Loss of Aboriginal Life (Regina: University of Regina Press, 2013)

Week 2: “Courage” Fully Completely (1992)

Carl Berger, The Writing of Canadian History: Aspects of English Canadian Historical Writing Since 1990 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1986)

Week 3: “Little Bones” Road Apples (1991)

Dan Malleck, Try to Control Yourself: The Regulation of Public Drinking in Post-Prohibition Ontario, 1927-44 (Vancouver: University of British Columbia, 2012)

Week 4: “Three Pistols” Road Apples (1991)

Dimitry Anastakis, “Tom Thomson, Murdered? Canoe Lake, Ontario, 1917: Art, Nationalism, and Americanization in the Interwar Period,” in Death in the Peaceable Kingdom: Canadian History since 1867 through Murder, Execution, Assassination, and Suicide (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2015): 104-118.

Ryan Edwardson, Canadian Content: Culture and the Quest for Nationhood (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008)

Week 5: “Bobcaygeon” Phantom Power (1998)

Cyril Levitt and William Shaffir, “Baseball and Ethnic Violence in Toronto: The Case of the Christie Pits Riot, August 16, 1933,” Polyphony 7, no. 1 (Spring-Summer 1985): 67.

Irving Abella and Harold Troper, None is Too Many: Canada and the Jews of Europe, 1933-1948 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1983)

Week 6: “Fifty Mission Cap” Fully Completely (1992)

John Chi-Kit Wong, Lord of the Rinks: The Emergence of the National Hockey League, 1875-1936 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005)

Andrew Ross, Joining the Clubs: The Business of the National Hockey League to 1945 (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2015)

Week 7: “Nautical Disaster” Day for Night (1995)

Jeffrey A. Keshen, Saints, Sinners, and Soldiers: Canada’s Second World War (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 2007)

Week 8: “Fireworks” Phantom Power (1998)

Gary Marcuse and Reg Whitaker, Cold War Canada: The Making of a National Insecurity State, 1945-1957 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995)

Andrew C. Holman, Canada’s Game: Hockey and Identity (Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2009)

Week 9: “Montreal” Unreleased song

Gail G. Campbell, “ ‘Are we going to do the most important things?’ Senator Muriel McQueen Fergusson, Feminist Identities, and the Royal Commission on the Status of Women,” Acadiensis 38, no. 2 (Summer/Autumn 2009): 52-77.

Blake Brown, Arming and Disarming: A History of Gun Control in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2012)

Week 10: “Wheat Kings” Fully Completely (1992)

Constance Backhouse, Carnal Crimes: Sexual Assault Law in Canada, 1900-1975 (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2008)

Week 11: “Born in the Water” Road Apples (1991)

Matthew Hayday, So They Want Us To Learn French: Promoting and Opposing Bilingualism in English-speaking Canada (Vancouver: UBC Press, 2015)

Week 12: “Now the Struggle Has a Name” We Are the Same (2009)

J.R. Miller, Shingwauk’s Vision: A History of Native Residential Schools (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1996)

Ian Mosby, “Administering Colonial Science: Nutrition Research and Human Biomedical Experimentation in Aboriginal Communities and Residential Schools, 1942-1952,” Histoire Sociale/Social History 46, no. 91 (May 2013): 145-172.



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NHL Previews in History: Volume II

In October 2014 I started a series called NHL Previews in Canadian History. My goal was to write short NHL game previews and predictions and place them in the vein of Canadian history. I was fortunate enough to have the latter part of the series featured in the Northern Life as a weekly column, “History ‘n’ Hockey.” This season I renewed that partnership with the Northern Life and also wrote for a Los Angeles Kings blog, The Royal Half, in a similar series called the “Preview Professor.” Unlike my offerings in the Northern Life, my work with the Royal Half anchored NHL previews (Pacific Division teams) in the context of notable anniversaries in California history. Both series included my predictions on the outcomes for the game previews featured in each column.

8 October 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: NHL Hockey Returns to Ottawa (0-0)

13 October 2015: Preview Professor: The Great One Becomes the Greatest (1-2)

22 October 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: The Ambassador Will See You Now (3-4)

27 October 2015: Preview Professor: Black Bart  (3-6)

3 November 2015: Preview Professor: The Los Angeles Aqueduct (7-7)

5 November 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: Canada’s Forgotten Prime Minister (9-8)

10 November 2015: Preview Professor: The Royal Rebound (11-9)

17 November 2015: Preview Professor: The Rock (12-12)

19 November 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: The Balfour Declaration (12-14)

1 December 2015: Preview Professor: Rage Against the Machine (13-17)

3 December 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: Canada’s Two-Millionth Immigrant (15-18)

8 December 2015: Preview Professor: Pineapple Express (18-20)

17 December 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: The day the NHL was born (21-22)

22 December 2015: Preview Professor: Gold, Frankincense & Muir (23-23)

29 December 2015: Preview Professor: Money Talks (25-26)

31 December 2015: History ‘n’ Hockey: Happy New Year! (27-27)

14 January 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: Toronto Calls in the Troops (31-27)

19 January 2016: Preview Professor: The Aviator (34-27)

27 January 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: Bridge collapse ends the honeymoon (35-28)

2 February 2016: Preview Professor: The Bear Flag (39-28)

9 February 2016: Preview Professor: Hats Off for Wayne (42-29)

11 February 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: Canada’s bloodiest labour tragedy (43-32)

16 February 2016: Preview Professor: Japanese Internment (45-35)

23 February 2016: Preview Professor: Sactown (48-36)

25 February 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: ‘Hello out there, we’re on the air…” (49-40)

10 March 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey” Remembering Harriet Tubman (50-43)

15 March 2016: Preview Professor: Marcel Madness (53-43)

22 March 2016: Preview Professor: Earthquake! (55-43)

24 March 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: Canada adopts the industrious beaver (58-45)

5 April 2016: Preview Professor: City of L.A. (61-48)

7 April 2016: History ‘n’ Hockey: The killing of Thomas D’Arcy McGee (64-49)

Final Overall Predication Record: 65-53

Professor class dismissed banner 620x400

*You can read all twenty-two posts from the 2014-15 season here. I boasted a respectable 54-36 record from those game predictions, which now brings my running total up to 119-89, not too shabby. 

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What Can the Sopranos Teach Us About Bear Management?

In the fifth season premier of the Sopranos, New Jersey’s most beloved crime family has an unusual visitor; a black bear. Rather than focusing on what the animal represents (a proxy for Tony Soprano) we will go through the episode’s scenes that focus on human-bear conflict and apply them to the situation in Ontario. Begging the question, is there anything the Sopranos can teach us about bear management?

We first encounter the ursine intruder when Tony’s son, Anthony Jr. (A.J.), is forced to go outside and bring the shop vacuum in from the pool house. While outside of our field of view, we hear him screaming for his mother, Carmela. She immediately runs outside and sees a large black bear in between herself and A.J. Although panic stricken, she is far more composed than her son, who is crying uncontrollably at this point.


After retrieving a pot and pan from the dishwasher, Carmlea returns and starts making noise to shoo the bear away. Before arriving on scene, A.J. had screamed for her to “get Dad’s gun” but she dismissed this notion, saying “It’s all the way in the dining room.” It’s just as well, her noise making had successfully sent the bear scurrying away. This tactic, along with creating space between yourself and the bear will generally help reduce the risk of escalation.


New Jersey Fish and Game Arrive

In the next scene, New Jersey Fish and Wildlife officers Zmuda and Yorn arrive to assess the situation. Let’s step out of the episode for a second. When this episode first aired, 7 March 2004, New Jersey was dealing with an increase in human-bear conflicts. The Garden State continues to try and mitigate these issues by by increasing hunting opportunities, but this policy has triggered considerable opposition. Meanwhile, in 2004 Ontario, the Bear Wise program was in its infancy, an offshoot recommendation from the 2003 Nuisance Bear Review Committee Report. If Carmela and A.J.’s situation would have unfolded here, it would have been plausible that a Ministry of Natural Resources officer would have made an on-site visit to a land-owner experiencing bear problems. But since 2012, the Bear Wise program has been gutted, chiefly through a considerable reduction of bear technicians and downloading responsibilities to municipal police services.

Back to the Sopranos. Officer Yorn tells Carmela and A.J. that the bear went through their neighbours garbage and that they’re “not going to want to put your trash cans out until as close to pick up time as possible.” This is a pretty basic tenet of Bear Wise but you’d be surprised (or not) how many people don’t follow this simple rule for avoiding human-bear conflicts.

Officer Zmuda says, “Had this been a category two, injury or serious property damage we could set traps, but not this.” Since 2012 the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry (MNRF) no longer traps and relocates black bears. Largely because it is expensive, it puts stress on the animal, and is not always effective. But, scientific studies have shown that trap and relocation may still be useful for younger bears between the ages of 2-3, so there could still be practical application for the MNRF.

Back in New Jersey, having regained his composure, A.J., tells his mother that “you should have busted a cap in his ass with Dad’s rifle” [At this point in the series Carmela and Tony are separated]. Officer Yorn offers him a quick rebuttal, reminding him that “it’s a illegal to discharge firearms within the borough limits, son.” The same rule applies here in Ontario but that hasn’t stopped people, including a recent case in Greater Sudbury, from taking matters into their own hands.

Sensing that Carmela is still uneasy about the situation, Zmuda assures her that “a great percentage of them don’t come back [but] if he does, call us.” Before leaving he asks if they keep bird feed on the property. Carmela remembers that Tony keeps duck food near the pool house. The Soprano patriarch had developed an affinity for waterfowl in the first season and has previously used his duck-food containers to hide cash from his wife. Zmuda explains to Carmela that “it’s probably what attracted the animal, see the corn’s gone damp and aromatic, you’re going to want to tell your husband to put it inside.” Again, this goes back to the rule of attractants. Human-bear conflicts will arise in years when natural foods are in short supply, leading the animals to seek out alternative sources, often in human spaces. The best way to avoid unwanted encounters on your property is to keep these attractants (such as bird feed) to a minimum.

The Bear Returns


The bear has returned and Carmela immediately calls Fish and Wildlife. She reaches an automated answering service and is visibly perturbed, calling it unbelievable. She manages to get a hold of Zmuda, one of the visiting officers, rather quickly and he informs her that they would be able to stop by within the hour. In 2015 Ontario, the exchange between Zmuda and Carmela is implausible as the MNRF would not dispatch officers to her home. It’s debatable that this type of response would be warranted but everyone calculates danger differently and maybe this type of disconnect could be filled by the Ministry through education and public outreach on how to handle these situations.


While Carmela was on the phone Tony arrives at the house is now hearing about the bear situation for the first time, “Why didn’t you call me when this first happened?” Carmela replies that “I called the cops, they called fish and game.”

Once again, this situation in 2004 New Jersey is just as relevant in 2015 Ontario. Call Bear Wise, they tell you to call the police, call the police and they tell you to call Bear Wise. This has led many to question, who are you actually supposed to call? The current situation is far from ideal and local police services should not be diverting resources to respond to wildlife calls. Many people are frustrated with the lack of help that the Ministry is providing so some are simply not reporting issues when they arise. This has recently led Temiskaming-Cochrane MPP, John Vanthof, to launch Northern Bear Report, an online service to give Northerners another outlet to track human-bear conflicts in the hopes of building up an accurate database of encounters in the North. The government’s continued insistence on giving the MNRF a shoe-string budget to operate certainly limits its ability to offer up much support to the public. Even if they are unable to trap and relocate or chemically immobilize these animals, putting resources back into the Ministry to allow officers to educate, reassure, and engage with Ontarians would certainly help restore some faith and confidence in the Bear Wise program.

Meanwhile, back at the Soprano household, Carmela’s response doesn’t assuage Tony’s concerns and he asks her, “what are you trying to prove your independence? This isn’t little house on the f***** prairie, those things are dangerous” Armed with the knowledge that was provided to her by the officers, Carmela tells him that it his duck food that attracted the bear, but Tony casually dismisses this.

Tony Goes Out With the Rangers


During Zmuda and Yorn’s second on-site visit, Tony accompanies them on their survey of the compound. They tell him that the animal still doesn’t meet the parameters for further intervention because it hasn’t threatened anybody. After the officers leave, Tony is still rattled by the situation and suggests that Carmela and AJ check into “a hotel until this thing blows over” but she quickly rebuffs his offer.

Later in the episode, Tony decides to send one of his underlings, Benny Fazio, over to the house to serve as a lookout. He’s instructed to retrieve Tony’s AK-47 from the armoury and stand watch. The nightly vigils alternate between Benny and Little Paulie Germani.

Tony Returns

In the episode’s final scene, Tony returns to the house following a bad session with his therapist, Dr. Jennifer Melfi, and relieves Benny of his duties, taking up the watch himself. Tony heads outside, with automatic rifle in tow, sits in his chair, and lights a cigar.


What Did We Learn?

  • The potential for human-bear conflicts are a reality in northern Ontario (and New Jersey), but you can mitigate these by reducing the attractants in and around your home.
  • From a policy perspective, the Ontario government’s current approach to black bear management is broken. Hamstringing Bear Wise of its resources to educate, engage, and consult with the general public has led to an untenable situation. Poor blueberry crops across the northeast has only exacerbated this issue as hungry bears are pushing further into human areas in search of food.
  • People want a solution but I think that as part of that, they want to know that there’s an adequate support system in place to help guide them and offer assistance. Bear management is a complicated process that requires consultation between the Ministry and provincial and local governments. Maybe it’s time that we have a look at this feedback loop and see how we can address some of these deficiencies.
  • We’ll end on a lighter note. At one point in this episode, Silvio Dante, Tony’s consigliere, tells his underworld colleagues that “if you’re ever chased by a bear, run downhill, for some reason they can’t do that.” This is a myth. Black bears are fast runners and can reach updwards of 50 km/h so never try to outrun a bear in any direction or on any angle.

 * “Two Tonys” first aired on 7 March 2004.

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NHL Previews in Canadian History: Volume I

In October 2014, I started a series called NHL Previews in Canadian History. I drew inspiration from J.R. Lind’s great “Great Game Previews in History” on his site, Conference III. My goal was to write short NHL game previews and predictions but place them in the context of notable anniversaries in Canadian history. The first fourteen were published here on my blog and the remaining eight were featured as a weekly column, “History ‘n’ Hockey,” in the Northern Life.

October 13: Battle of Queenston Heights (0-0)

October 15: Foreign Investment Review Act (4-0)

October 19: The St. Albans Raid (7-1)

October 24: The Bluenose (10-2)

October 30: Battle of Passchendaele (15-2)

November 7: Alexander Mackenzie (19-8)

November 15: Rene Levesque (22-10)

* Only Canadian NHL teams were featured moving forward

December 5: Upper Canada Rebellion 1837 (24-12)

December 11: Statute of Westminster (26-12)

December 19: The NHL’s First Games (27-15)

December 23: Reginald Fessenden (28-17)

January 6: Barbara Hanley (29-20)

January 13: Mel Lastman’s Snow Removal (32-21)

January 21: The Kenora Thistles (36-21)

* The remainder of the entries were published with the Northern Life

February 20: The Avro Arrow (37-21)

February 26: Japanese Internment (39-23)

March 2: The Halibut Treaty (41-26)

March 13: Eileen Vollick (42-26)

March 17: The Maurice Richard Riot (44-27)

March 26: The Vancouver Millionaires (48-28)

March 31: Newfoundland Enters Confederation (50-30)

April 9: Vimy Ridge (50-34)

Final Record: 54-36

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OFAH Weighs in on Proposed Moose Hunting Changes

Last week, the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, announced plans to implement changes to the moose hunting season in 2016. These included, pushing back the commencement of the moose hunting season in 2016 by one week and limiting calf hunting to a two-week period instead of 10-13 weeks.


Source: Wikimedia Commons

Yesterday, Mark Ryckman (MR), a biologist with the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters (OFAH) spoke with Jason Turnbull (JT) from CBC Radio One on Up North. Below is a transcript of their conversation, namely, the concerns that the OFAH has with these prospective changes. You can also listen to the entire interview here.

JT: Does the OFAH agree that the moose population northern Ontario is struggling?

MR: Certainly in some wildlife WMUs, yes we do acknowledge that there is a concern. There is quite a bit of discussion and uncertainly about what the cause of those declines are. But we certainly do acknowledge that some units are in trouble.

JT: If the province says moose numbers are down, does it make sense to limit the number of calves killed?

MR: There are multiple ways to address that, you can make changes to moose hunting and moose harvesting strategies. What we’re trying to do is recommend and identify changes that will benefit moose resource while minimize impact to licensed hunting. There are a multitude of ways that you can do that, we do have some specific concerns to how things have been proposed.

JT: What are your specific concerns?

MR: We do recognize that many moose populations would ultimately benefit from a reduced calf harvest but what are actually we recommend is a phased in approach, whereby the MNR wouldn’t go to such an extreme measure as a first step. Specifically, we recommended a four-week calf season that would provide some level of protection for calves and actually allow MNR to sit back for 2-3 years and assess whether or not more restrictions would be required.

JT: But if the population is as bad as the province says it is, can we really afford to phase it in?

MR: That’s an excellent question. I think many people are under the impression that all of our moose populations are in trouble and are at the point of being no longer viable and that’s not the case. There are certainly some populations in some units that have declined, much more than others, and that’s part of our concern with the blanket approach that the MNR is taking. Not all the causes not all of the causes of the decline have been identified and certainly not uniformed across the board. And the concern for those populations is not uniformed across the board.

JT: What about delaying the hunt by one week? To me that didn’t seem like it was all that much but obviously you guys aren’t that happy with that?

MR: Well first of all you’re right, it isn’t all that much to b honest. We don’t think its going to have much of an effect other than change the time of the first week of the gun hunt. The vast majority of hunters do participate in that first week of the gun hunt and that will simply occur a week later in 2016 than it odes in 2015. But our main concern with that aspect of the proposal is that there is absolutely no data to justify to suggest that current timing of gun hunt is having any adverse impact on moose populations in Ontario. There’s absolutely no scientific rationale to justify that change.

JT: What should be happening?

MR: We recognize that some level of a calf harvest reduction would benefit moose populations, we recommended specifically a four-week season and we could buy into that. One of our major concerns with two week season as is proposed is that there will be tens of thousands of moose hunters that don’t have an adult validation tag and don’t belong to group with adult validation tag that will be required, if they want to hunt, to hunt in the same two week period across northern Ontario. SO instead of spreading out that hunting effort across 13 weeks in some areas, it will now be entirely within a two-week period. So we have concerns about significant increased in hunter density and the resulting poor hunt quality that could occur as the result of potential conflicts, if hunters are stepping all over each other trying to get access to prime hunting opportunities.

JT: If numbers are down does it not make sense to not try and kill as many calves?

MR: As we said, We recognize that a lot of those populations would benefit from a reduction of calf harvest but how much does it need to be reduced. It comes down to cost benefit. We would try to identify the management changes that would generated greatest benefit to the moose resource at the minimal cost to licensed hunters.

JT: Have you spoken to the province, do you think they’re going to change their mind considering your objections?

MR: Very unlikely they will change their minds, the MNRF seems to be fairly set in their ways but we have been absolutely in contact with them, well over the past several years of course but even in the last 3 or 4 months when they started soliciting comments from stakeholder groups through the moose focus group sessions, we participated in every single one of those across the province. And were heavily involved in making recommendations and voicing our concerns.

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NHL Previews in Canadian History: The Kenora Thistles, 21 January

On this day in Canadian history in 1907, the Kenora Thistles won the Stanley Cup after defeating the Montreal Wanderers 8-6 in a best of three series. If you would like to read more about the Thistles and Kenora’s connection to Lord Stanley’s trophy, please check out the post I wrote for the Hockey Writers today.



The team included the likes of future Hall of Famer Art Ross and gave Kenora the title of being the smallest community to ever win the Stanley Cup, a distinction it still holds today.


From Kenora to Winnipeg

The closest NHL team to Kenora are the Winnipeg Jets, located just over 200 km west. It just so happens that the Jets are in action against the Columbus Blue Jackets tonight, so I’ll leave you with this short primer and prediction for this evening’s matchup.

Winnipeg Jets vs Minnesota Wild

Source: Manitoba Hockey News. Photograph by Jeff Miller

2014-2015 Records: CBJ 20-21-3 (6th in the Metropolitan Division); WPG 25-14-8 (4th in the Central Division)

Leading Scorers: Ryan Johansen (17G, 26A); Andrew Ladd (17G, 22A)

Winnipeg is currently riding a four game winning streak, outscoring opponents 17-8 in that span. Goaltender Michael Hutchinson continues to be a revelation for the Jets this year. He is 4-1 in January with a .918 SV% and boasts a stellar .937 SV% in thirty-seven appearances so far this season. Columbus has strung together a mediocre January thus far. The Blue Jackets are 4-5-0 this month but will enter the MTS Centre after racking up two straight wins against the Bruins and Wild respectively. Columbus will certainly have to aim their cannons high if they hope to ground the soaring Jets tonight. Winnipeg is one of the top ten possession teams in the league with a 51.6 Corsi For % and a +9 goal differential. Conversely, the Blue Jackets are in the bottom five for Corsi (46.2%) and have an abysmal -26 goal differential on the season.

Prediction: Winnipeg by 2 goals

Current Record: 36-21

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NHL Previews in Canadian History: Barbara Hanley, 6 January

On this day in Canadian history in 1936, Barbara M. Hanley was elected mayor of Webbwood, Ontario (70km west of Sudbury) making her Canada’s first female mayor.[1] She defeated her opponent, Robert E. Streich, eighty-two votes to sixty-nine. Hanley went on to serve as mayor for eight years, she was acclaimed in 1938, 1939, and 1942 and defeated opponents in 1937, 1941, and 1943. Moreover, the 1941 mayoral contest was between Hanley and another female candidate, Mrs. Walter Blue, the former won by a wide margin of thirty-seven votes.[2] For years, the distinction of Canada’s first female mayor was commonly attributed to Charlotte Whitton, when she was elected as mayor of Ottawa in 1951. However, the title rightly belongs to Hanley and Webbwood, while Whitton still retains the distinction as the first female mayor of a major Canadian city.


Barbara Hanley (1882-1959) Source: http://www.dose.ca “Women’s Rights in Canada – Through History”

Ottawa Senators at Philadelphia Flyers, 7:00 PM


Source: http://www.rantsports.com

2014-2015 Records: OTT 16-15-17 (7th in the Atlantic); PHI 14-18-7 (6th in the Metropolitan)

Leading Scorers: Kyle Turris (9G, 18A) Jakub Voracek (15G, 33A)

This is the first meeting between the two clubs this year. Dating back to the 2009-2010 season, they have met eighteen times and split the matchups 9-8-1. In that span, Philadelphia outscored Ottawa, albeit slightly, 55-49. Unfortunately for the Flyers, they could be without their captain and fourth in league scoring, Claude Giroux, for the second straight game. While it’s unclear how long the pride of Hearst, Ontario could be on the shelf, the Flyers still have the league’s leading scorer, Jakub Voracek, at their disposal.

Prediction: Philadelphia by 1

Tampa Bay Lightning at Montreal Canadiens, 7:30 PM


Source: http://www.boltsbythebay.com

2014-2015 Records: TBL 25-12-4 (2nd in the Atlantic); MTL 26-11-2 (1st in the Atlantic)

Leading Scorers: Tyler Johnson (15G, 28A) Max Pacioretty (16G, 15A)

This should be an exciting matchup between the Atlantic Divison powerhouses. They last met 13 October 2014, with the Bolts cruising to a 7-1 victory at home over the Canadiens. While Tampa Bay is currently the most prolific scoring team in the league right now (3.24 G/GP) they will have their hands full tonight as they enter the Bell Centre. The Habs are a red hot 9-1 in their last ten games and are currently riding a six game winning streak. But, Montreal has not won more than six straight this year and even if they can shut down Steven Stamkos, they will still have to contend Ondrej Palat-Tyler Johnson-Nikita Kucherov line. The trio had a combined forty-three points in the month of December.

Prediction: Tampa Bay by 1

Detroit Red Wings at Edmonton Oilers, 9:30 PM


Source: Edmonton Journal (It’s actually really difficult to find current pictures of Oilers players in games with the Red Wings)

2014-2015 Records: 20-10-9 (3rd in the Atlantic); EDM 9-22-9 (7th in the Pacific)

Leading Scorers: Henrik Zetterberg (9G, 24A) Taylor Hall (10G, 14A)

Edmonton has started the New Year off with a bang. On 2 January they traded David Perron to the Pittsburgh Penguins for Rob Klinkhammer and a 2015 1st round pick. The following night they put up five goals against the Metropolitan leading New York Islanders for their first win in 2015. The Red Wings and Oilers met twice last year, with Detroit taking both meetings and outscoring Edmonton 6-1. Both teams have not looked particularly inspiring in their last ten games (that goes without saying for the Oilers) but surprisingly, Detroit is 3-4-3 dating back to 12 December.

Prediction: Detroit by 2

New York Islanders at Vancouver Canucks, 10:00 PM

Casey Cizikas, Eddie Lack

Source: National Post

2014-2015 Records: NYI 26-12-1 (2nd in the Metropolitan); VAN 22-12-3 (2nd in the Pacific)

Leading Scorers: John Tavares (17G, 19A) Daniel Sedin (8G, 27A)

The last time the Islanders visited Vancouver, it was a game to be forgotten for Eddie Lack and the Canucks. Vancouver entered the third period with a 3-0 lead but allowed New York to score seven goals in the last frame and take a 7-4 win. However, it is doubtful that Lack starts tonight, a more fitting matchup for him would be on Thursday when the Florida Panthers roll into town. While Luongo still appears to be reeling from Alex Ovechkin’s hit on Sunday, it is possible that he and former teammate/friend, Lack, could line up to defend their respective twines later this week.

Prediction: New York by 1

Parting Shots

As mayor of Webbwood, Hanley fought hard to get more money from the provincial government for public works and relief payments for her town during the Great Depression. Webbwood, like other small, rural towns, was hit hard during the financial crisis. As the country’s first female mayor, she faced stereotypical criticisms from her opponents and the public. When she was first elected, the Toronto Star wrote that “Ontario’s first woman mayor still does housework” a seemingly innocuous attempt to undermine the significance of her achievement. But Hanley did not shy away from firing back. During her bid for re-election in 1937, Amelia Kretzschmar demonstrated that Hanley made no bones about responding to her critics’ objections to both her sex and mayoral track record.[3] In an exchange with Robert E. Striech, whom she defeated in the 1936 election, she remarked “I believe your two outstanding objections are: 1. That I am a woman; 2. That I am too generous with relief. I have no apologies.”[4]

Looking back, Hanley was truly a pioneer and a trailblazer. Reflecting on her accomplishments thirty years after she was first elected, the Sudbury Star wrote, “Many women have followed in the footsteps of Mrs. Hanley to head civic governments in Canada. But there is only one ‘first’ and only one municipality in Canada that can claim the distinction.”[5]

Current Record: 29-20

** Updated Record after 01/06/2014 games: 32-21

Works Cited

[1] James Doyle, “Barbara M. Hanley: First Woman Mayor in Canada,” Ontario History LXXXIV, 2 (June 1992), 134.

[2] Doyle, 139.

[3] Amelia Kretzschmar, “Barbara M. Hanley: Creating a Dichotomous Image in Order to Succeed in a Patriarchal World,” (Honours Essay: Laurentian University, 2009)

[4] “Sex and Generosity Principle Objections,” Sudbury Star, 4 January 1937.

[5] “History Made in Webbwood When Woman Mayor Elected,” Sudbury Star, 6 January 1966.

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